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Thursday, March 26th, 2009 | Autor:

Have you previously realised that www is redundant? If so, I’m preaching to the converted and you can run along back to whatever you were busy with. 😉 Otherwise, stand to attention, soldier!

begin rantish text:

When I’m browsing the web, I’d much less prefer to typewww.xkcd.comthanxkcd.com”. Reason being that if *every* site has to have w’s, what’s the point of the w’s? Not to mention that they’re a bitch to pronounce. There’s 9 syllables in there! You could almost halve that by sayingtriple-w”. I’ve heard people saydub dub dub”. Bleh. Even the World Wide Web Consortium prefers to call themselvesW3C”.

So what exactly is (was?) the point of the www? There might be more to it, however the gist of it appears to be that when Tim Berners-Lee first created the hypertext document retrieval system, he called itWorld Wide Web”. I believe that www became a standard not because it made sense or because it was a good idea, but because it was hyped far beyond the healthy respect it deserved.

Your web browser *knows* you’re dealing with web content solely by the fact that there’s an http:// in front of the url. Therefore I submit, the www is redundant.

Need more convincing?

Search engines see www.dogma.swiftspirit.co.za and dogma.swiftspirit.co.za as 2 separate web sites. Because both sites have identical content, search engines might lower your Search Rankings. Hell, you’d be competing against yourself for rankings. Silly example: instead of 3rd, you might be 5th i 7th. For this reason, it is better to either force www or to force no www. I’m in favour of the latter.

If you browse to http://www.dogma.swiftspirit.co.za/ you will be redirected to http://dogma.swiftspirit.co.za/. Even if you go to the downloads directory of my main domain with a www, you’ll be redirected appropriately. Važnije, search engines will only find one copy of my web site, Ne 2. And in the long run, I’ll be wearing out my w key a li’l less. 🙂

With the possible exception of a few quick deaths, no w’s were hurt during the production of this post.

Udio
Srijeda, March 18th, 2009 | Autor:

[Uredi] So much for that. It turns out that openssl is able to determine that the key and certificate are already in a single file. Therefore, nema csplitting required (dobro, I hope somebody reading this at least learned about how nice csplit is). In fact, the whole script might as well be obsoleteblaargh. Well, at least it gives a nice warning about not giving a blank passphrase. 😀

Here’s the new version:

pem2pfxconverts a .pem-formatted file containing a private key and signed certificate into a Windows-compatible .pfx certificate file.

#!/bin/bash
#pem2pfx
#v0.2
#Lukav - brendan@ewifTspiriT.co.za
# Converts a .pem certificate file to .pfx format
# $1 is the source file
set -e
 
if [ $# = 1 ]; then
  outputfile=`echo $1 | sed 's/.pem$/.pfx/'`
 
  echo "Please specify a password below. Windows refuses to import a .pfx certificate with a blank password."
  openssl pkcs12 -export -out $outputfile -u $1
 
 else
  echo "pem2pfx - converts a .pem formatted private-key and certificate file to an IIS-compatible .pfx file."
  echo "Usage: pem2pfx inputfile.pem"
fi

više…

Udio
Subota, February 21st, 2009 | Autor:

The relatively new document types Ured 2007 has given some web hosts problems when their clients want to offer documents for download. Most often, the documents are being offered by the web server as text/html which is then rendered as a ton of garbage on the web user’s screen.

The best way to resolve this is to add all the MIME types to the server’s main configuration. IIS7 for Windows already has these MIME types set up correctly by default. IIS6 and IIS5 require the MIME types to be added, as might Apache on older installations. For Apache, there is also a workaround for the individual domain owner to add the mime types via Apache’s .htaccess file.

IIS 6 MIME type addition (for the Server Administrator)

Before this can be done, ensure that your server is also set to allow direct metabase editing:

  1. Load IIS Manager: Start -> Run, “inetmgr” -> [U redu]
  2. Right click theserverand clickPrvojstva”
  3. Within theInternet Information Servicestab (usually the only tab), ensure that theEnable Direct Metabase Editcheckbox is checked.
  4. Kliknite [U redu]

Be sure to back up IIS’s configuration (ovdje for IIS5) beforehand. I won’t take any responsibility for an admin breaking his server. I have reason to believe this may also work on IIS5 however I have just as much reason to believe that it might just give lots of errors. If an IIS5 / Windows 2000 admin is willing to test this for me after backing up your configuration please let me know of the results.

Copy the following text into a file named msoff07-addmime.vbs and execute it once from the commandline by typing cscript msoff07-addmime.vbs and pressing Enter. If you run it more than once, the MIME types will be added each time and you will have multiple identical entries:

' This script adds the necessary Office 2007 MIME types to an IIS 6 Server.
' To use this script, just double-click or execute it from a command line.
' Running this script multiple times results in multiple entries in the
' IIS MimeMap so you should not run it more than once.
' Modified from http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms752346.aspx
 
Dim MimeMapObj, MimeMapArray, MimeTypesToAddArray, WshShell, oExec
Const ADS_PROPERTY_UPDATE = 2 
 
' Set the MIME types to be added
MimeTypesToAddArray = Array(".docm", "application/vnd.ms-word.document.macroEnabled.12", _
".docx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document", _
".dotm", "application/vnd.ms-word.template.macroEnabled.12", _
".dotx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.template", _
".potm", "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.template.macroEnabled.12", _
".potx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.template", _
".ppam", "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.addin.macroEnabled.12", _
".ppsm", "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.slideshow.macroEnabled.12", _
".ppsx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slideshow", _
".pptm", "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.presentation.macroEnabled.12", _
".pptx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation", _
".sldm", "application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.slide.macroEnabled.12", _
".sldx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slide", _
".xlam", "application/vnd.ms-excel.addin.macroEnabled.12", _
".xlsb", "application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.binary.macroEnabled.12", _
".xlsm", "application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.macroEnabled.12", _
".xlsx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet", _
".xltm", "application/vnd.ms-excel.template.macroEnabled.12", _
".xltx", "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.template") 
 
' Get the mimemap object
Set MimeMapObj = GetObject("IIS://LocalHost/MimeMap")
 
' Call AddMimeType for every pair of extension/MIME type
For counter = 0 za UBound(MimeTypesToAddArray) Korak 2
    AddMimeType MimeTypesToAddArray(counter), MimeTypesToAddArray(counter+1)
Next
 
' Create a Shell object
Set WshShell = CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
 
' Stop and Start the IIS Service
Set oExec = WshShell.Exec("net stop w3svc")
Do While oExec.Status = 0
    WScript.Sleep 100
Loop
 
Set oExec = WshShell.Exec("net start w3svc")
Do While oExec.Status = 0
    WScript.Sleep 100
Loop
 
Set oExec = Nothing
 
' Report status to user
WScript.Echo "Microsoft Office 2007 Document MIME types have been registered."
 
' AddMimeType Sub
Sub AddMimeType (Ext, MType)
 
    ' Get the mappings from the MimeMap property.
    MimeMapArray = MimeMapObj.GetEx("MimeMap") 
 
    ' Add a new mapping.
    i = UBound(MimeMapArray) + 1
    Redim Preserve MimeMapArray(i)
    Set MimeMapArray(i) = CreateObject("MimeMap")
    MimeMapArray(i).Extension = Ext
    MimeMapArray(i).MimeType = MType
    MimeMapObj.PutEx ADS_PROPERTY_UPDATE, "MimeMap", MimeMapArray
    MimeMapObj.SetInfo
 
End Sub

Apache MIME type addition (for the Server Administrator)

Apache stores its MIME types in a file normally located at $installpath/conf/mime.types. See the mod_mime dokumentacija for more on how it works. Arch Linux installs its MIME types at /etc/httpd/conf/mime.types i Parallels Plesk installs it in /usr/local/psa/admin/conf/mime.types. Your distribution might have it in another place, so find your mime.types file by running locate mime.types.

Add the following lines to your mime.types file:

application/vnd.ms-word.document.macroEnabled.12                          docm
application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document   docx
application/vnd.ms-word.template.macroEnabled.12                          dotm
application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.template   dotx
application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.template.macroEnabled.12                    potm
application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.template     potx
application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.addin.macroEnabled.12                       ppam
application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.slideshow.macroEnabled.12                   ppsm
application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slideshow    ppsx
application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.presentation.macroEnabled.12                pptm
application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation pptx
application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.slide.macroEnabled.12                       sldm
application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slide        sldx
application/vnd.ms-excel.addin.macroEnabled.12                            xlam
application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.binary.macroEnabled.12                     xlsb
application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.macroEnabled.12                            xlsm
application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet         xlsx
application/vnd.ms-excel.template.macroEnabled.12                         xltm
application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.template      xltx

Apache MIME type addition (For the domain owner with at least FTP accessusing .htaccess file)

Add the following text to your domain’s .htaccess file, most commonly in an httpdocs/ directory

AddType application/vnd.ms-word.document.macroEnabled.12 docm
AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document docx
AddType application/vnd.ms-word.template.macroEnabled.12 dotm
AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.template dotx
AddType application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.template.macroEnabled.12 potm
AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.template potx
AddType application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.addin.macroEnabled.12 ppam
AddType application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.slideshow.macroEnabled.12 ppsm
AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slideshow ppsx
AddType application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.presentation.macroEnabled.12 pptm
AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation pptx
AddType application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.slide.macroEnabled.12 sldm
AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slide sldx
AddType application/vnd.ms-excel.addin.macroEnabled.12 xlam
AddType application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.binary.macroEnabled.12 xlsb
AddType application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.macroEnabled.12 xlsm
AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet xlsx
AddType application/vnd.ms-excel.template.macroEnabled.12 xltm
AddType application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.template xltx
Udio
Subota, February 21st, 2009 | Autor:

and my Personal Rating (PR) out of 10 😉

I use Firefox so most of these won’t apply to non-FF users. Međutim, I’d be very very interested to hear what other addons my friends, subscribers, and random websurfers find interesting or useful to them. Have your say and let us know why you love the addons you love. 🙂

Personally, I prefer addons that aren’t intrusive. Ideally, an addon must have a minimal interface and give me a measurable benefit for me to keep it installed.

Cacheviewer – 7

This is a GUI front-end for the Cache Firefox keeps of the last few pages and media. I’ve found this addon more interesting than useful right now so I’m probably going to remove it soon.

ColorfulTabs – 9

I love the colours. The tab colour-grouping doesn’t work very well when you reach about 30 tabs though… :-/

Download Statusbar – 10

I prefer having everything in Firefox in a single window in tabs. Having a download box in a separate window is a big no-no for me. It also saves screen real-estate since it is very minimal. 🙂

Video DownloadHelper – 10

Video DownloadHelper izgleda za streaming medije – posebno u potrazi za bilo velikog sadržaja koji se skinuti. Kada kliknete na ikonu, To pokazuje trenutno-skidanje potoci i daje vam mogućnost da ga Red kao “normalan” preuzimanje.

Budući da nikad ne znam je li FF ide na sudar ili moć će se smanjiti, Radije bih spremiti kopiju na moj desktop i ja tada mogu pogledati video bez upotrebe više bandwith ponovo preuzeti video. Također, na poslu, kada ljudi šalju mi ​​linkove na youtube ili neki drugi medij, Ja obično ne smetaju gledajući do mnogo poslije – na vlastitu slobodno vrijeme ili tijekom stanke.

Expiry Canary – 9

Ovaj uredan i minimalna addon vam kaže ako je SSL certifikat za web-lokaciju koju trenutačno gledate uskoro će isteći. Ako vaš vlastiti site ima SSL certifikat, Preporučujem vam koristiti ovaj addon kako bi se izbjegli vaše stranice SSL certifikat istječe zbog jednostavnog nedostatka obavijesti ili miscommunication.

Fasterfox – 8

Fasterfox adds some network optmisation options. Some of the options could make your corporate network admin a little mad with you though. 😉

Palikuća – 9

Za izradu web stranica i eksperimentiranja sa stranicama. Strašan za testiranje male komadiće koda, kao i za ispravljanje pogrešaka stranice.

FoxClocks – 6

errtells you the time in other time zones. o.O Was useful for a short timenow its redundant since my head is working it out faster than I can glance. rm -f

FoxyProxy – 9

Strašan za pregledavanje određene stranice kroz posebne proxy poslužitelja. This is useful for when some sites are blocked or the SAIX Transparent Proxy servers aren’t working properly. 🙂

Ja koristiti ovaj na put neki promet preko proxy servera koji sam radije ne prolaze kroz zadane rute. Its also very flexible. Ako imate više od jednog proxy poslužitelja dostupna i onaj koji se obično koriste odjednom ide na tren, samo prijeći na sljedeću. 🙂

Greasemonkey – 10

Right now, I use this only for the GooglemonkeyR Skripta. This script reformats Google‘s search results to your specifications and also has an option to show small thumbnail of the pages Google links to. Greasemonkey can do a lot more and there are plenty of scripts readily available for many many sites.

Live HTTP headers – 8

I’ve used this a few times to diagnose gzip compression issues with IIS web servers. Not much else to say though: It works.

Live PageRank – 10 (so faronly installed it yesterday)

This addon seems simple enough. It gets the PageRank from Google and shows it in the tray.

NoScript – 10

NoScript je strašan u blokiranju oglasa. Njegova je malo iritantan na prvi, jer morate dopuštenje za sve web stranice koje vam se sviđaju – but in the long run it is soooo worth it. 🙂

Ponovno uvođenje stranice – 10

Vrlo korisno za ako pregledavati na stranicu i to će se dogoditi da bude dolje. Ako je stranica statičkog sadržaja orijentirane onda to olakšava brzo pronalaženje sadržaja ako svoj cached online.

Tab Mix Plus – 8

Awesome for if you have more than 7-or-so tabs.

ShowIP (using a version modified for work purposesdisplays company server’s canonical name when browsing) – 10

I cannot imagine the hell I’d have to go through to identify a server without this plugin. Okay, I can. Used to have to do this all the time. I eventually scripted it but I can’t find the original script. Here’s my 60-second attempt at recreating what was in that script:

$ cat /etc/hosts | grep `dig A $hostname @mycachingnameserver | grep . | grep -v "^;"`
$ dig -x `dig A $hostname @mycachingnameserver | grep ^$hostname | grep A | \
  awk '/[.]/{print $5}'` @mycachingnameserver | grep . | grep -v "^;"

Web Developer – 9

I used this once to diagnose some issues with a page. I don’t do much web development so I’m going to remove this one. Its no comment on its capabilities since I believe this is a top notch add-on if you’re doing a lot of web development work.

Udio
Utorak, 17. veljače, 2009 | Autor:

Neki od vas možda već znate da sam sagradio dom poslužitelj ne tako davno. Ja dokumentirani su neki od vrlo važnih dijelova kako je sagrađena iako sam planirao na objavljivanju svu dokumentaciju odjednom. Sam bio koristeći Arch Linux, a nisam gotovo završio sve, pogotovo dokumentacija. Na primjer, to je trebao biti medijski poslužitelj. Nakon nekog diska miješanja, to je trebao završiti s RAID1 za dizanje i RAID 10 ostatak (Mediji dio).

To nije uspjelo na sve.

Dobio sam koliko ima učinkovit (i dobrofirewallom) usmjeravanje gateway poslužitelja. Bio sam zadovoljan što je konačno prilagođene lokalnim usmjeravanje * radi ispravno i bio sam uvjeren da su moji testovi s DHCP mislio sam mogao onemogućiti DHCP servis na slab ADSL ruter i imaju sve moje flatmates početi koristiti poslužitelj Interneta prolaz. Umjesto: Bio sam prijavljen na poslužitelj iz ureda, Ja bih samo instalirati apache2 **, a ja sam se spremao se konzultirati s kolegom u vezi dobivanje lijepe grafove staviti zajedno, tako se flatmates mogli svi vide tko je koristeći se propusnost *** — kad sam primijetio malu poruku da root datotečnog sustava je montirana za čitanje samo zbog neke ili drugog disk neuspjeh.

A onda sam izgubio vezu s poslužiteljem.

A onda sam dobio jedan prekršaj raspoloženje.

🙁

Kad sam stigla kući, Otkrio sam da je, kao što sam pretpostavio iz opisne poruke dane u uredu, the (vrlo) Stara 80GB IDE disk koji sam koristio za root datotečni sustav nije uspio. Nažalost, poslužitelj nikad neće dignuti i bilo je malo šanse znatiželjnih sve off na drugi disk nastaviti tamo gdje sam stao.

Ja kupujem zamjenu (SATA) HDD ovaj sljedeći vikend odmah nakon dana plaća – i ja sam se predomislio oko dokumentiranje moj napredak… i backup moje konfiguracije:

Izdanje Rano. Izdanje Često.

* ISP-ovi u Južnoj Africi naplatiti manje (lako Cijena usporedbu) za “Lokalni samo” (u Južnoj Africi) promet na ADSL ali samo ako koristite ADSL račun koji ne može pristupiti web usluge izvan Južne Afrike. To znači da ako želite iskoristiti smanjenih troškova, ali i dalje biti u mogućnosti pristupiti internetu na slobodi, trebate postaviti neki bezobrazan usmjeravanje.

** jedna naredba-instalaciju: ~ $ Yaourt -S Apache

*** Pristup internetu u SA je skupo – što se naplaćuje oko R70 ($7 / 4,9 £ / 5,46 €) po GB kada koristite ADSL, ili oko R2 po MB ako se koristi GPRS / 3G.

Udio